Facial Pain | The Main Reasons | Best Treatment Options. Click to learn facial pain including, face pain, facial nerve pain, sinus face pain, left/right side face pain, face nerve pain right side, toothache swollen face and many more.
Headaches and traumas frequently bring on common facial pain. However, facial pain has other reasons, such as infections, jaw and dental issues, and nerve conditions.
Numerous conditions can cause facial pain, and identifying the underlying cause can occasionally be very difficult. As a result, patients frequently visit a variety of medical professionals, such as dentists, pain specialists, neurosurgeons, and neurologists.
What is Facial pain?
Sharp, dull, throbbing, achy, continuous, or intermittent facial pain is all possible. The trigeminal nerve (Nerve Pain) is involved in the primary form of neuralgia which we treat.
It has been present for a while. After the cause is found and treated, some other types, like those connected to an injury or infection, frequently go away.
Although there are many potential causes of facial pain, a thorough history and physical examination can frequently make the diagnosis.
The typical causes of facial pain are frequently benign and self-limiting, but it’s important to identify those disorders that need immediate attention, such as temporal arteritis, or that can be detected early and require treatment, like cancer.
When a viral upper respiratory infection or, much less frequently, a more serious cause of facial pain is the actual cause, bacterial sinusitis is frequently prescribed by doctors.
What Causes Facial Pain?
Anything from infection to damage to the face’s nerves can cause facial pain. These are some common reasons for facial pain:
- A case of the virus that causes cold sores, shingle, and chicken pox
- Injury as a result of an event or therapy
- Disorder of the jaw joint’s temporomandibular joint
- A cavity-ridden tooth
- Nasal infection
- Cluster or migraine headache
- Syndrome of chronic muscular pain
- Emotional and mental problems
Symptoms of Facial Pain
The discomfort can be both physically and psychologically taxing.
Areas of your face related to branches of the trigeminal nerve experience pain. Your lips, eyes, nose, scalp, forehead, and jaw (Tooth Pain) are among them. Trigeminal neuralgia frequently affects one side but can occasionally affect both sides.
Pain episodes might last for days, weeks, or even months before subsiding temporarily. The discomfort frequently comes back (Back Pain), and it usually becomes worse with time.
Trigeminal neuralgia can last for years if left untreated. A pain episode may last a few seconds, or minutes, or be ongoing.
Touching your cheek when shaving, applying makeup, cleaning your teeth, eating, or conversing can cause pain to flash briefly.
What Is The Treatment Options Associated With Facial Pain?
Once you receive a diagnosis and start your treatment plan, facial pain usually goes away. Depending on the source of your facial pain, your doctor will decide on the best course of action.
After taking antibiotics or letting the infection heal naturally, the pain brought on by an infection like sinusitis usually goes away.
The rash may accompany facial pain brought on by a viral infection like shingles. In other cases, the pain subsides on its own in a matter of days or weeks. In other situations, nerve discomfort could last for several months.
Who Gets Facial Pain?
- Facial pain can impact anybody.
- Women and people over 50 are more likely than men to get facial pain.
- Only a dozen new cases of facial pain are reported annually per 100,000 people.
- In a worldwide study of trigeminal neuralgia patients, facial pain specialists at OHSU are participating to find
- Genetic markers. Markers could identify people who are more likely to experience facial pain, possibly leading to a solution.
Facial Pain Treatment and Management
- Making an accurate diagnosis is crucial to management in basic care. The treatment will then depend on what caused the facial pain, if any.
- A tricyclic antidepressant like amitriptyline is the first line of treatment for atypical facial pain.
- Antidepressant medication may be used in conjunction with cognitive behavioral therapy.
- Neurostimulation holds promise for the treatment of head and facial pain that is intractable with modern procedures and technologies.
- According to local recommendations, specialist referrals are often made to a maxillofacial clinic unless clinical findings point to a diagnosis where an ENT, community dentistry, neurology, or rheumatology referral may be more suitable.
Self-Care for Facial Pain
Mild facial pain is typically treatable at home. Self-care remedies’ efficacy varies depending on the underlying reason; however, some recommendations are as follows:
- Applying an ice pack to the affected area for 10 to 20 minutes many times a day while wrapping it in a cloth or towel.
- Using over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen 400mg and ibuprofen 200mg.
- Keeping the head up to encourage fluid and mucus evacuation from the face and alleviate sinusitis discomfort
- Three times a day, gargle with salt water to ease tooth discomfort
Additionally, some people may find relief from facial pain from complementary therapies like acupuncture, chiropractic care, and biofeedback.
How Is Facial Pain Diagnosed?
Be sure to inform your doctor when you visit:
- Which area of your face hurts
- The frequency of your pain
- Where the pain is coming from precisely
- What sort of discomfort do you experience
- Duration of the discomfort
- What acts as a painkiller
- Any further symptoms you may have